APN Settings – Acccess Point Names Detailed Explained

APN access point names structure

APN Settings – Acccess Point Names Detailed Explained

APN Settings – Acccess Point Names Detailed Explained.  Have you ever wondered what are all those combinations of values that are in the APN Settings?  Of course, each and every piece of those information play an important role in identifying the correct parameter to be setup, transmitted and executed between your cellphone and your mobile operator’s network.

The APN or Access Point Names is the gateway between the 3G, 4G or LTE network of your mobile operator and your mobile phone, and this helps to provide the data transfer between the two parties.

APN Settings – Data Structure

A typical APN Setting will contain the following piece of information:

APN Settings menu on iPhone

APN Settings menu on iPhone

Name: This is the name you want to use, it’s like a file name, it is not relevant
APN: The APN is a unique vale, used to identify the entire Settings
Proxy: It’s a value used to finding the proxy server, which acts as intermediate for your phone’s requests
Port:  The port number used to connect to the mobile network
Username: the user name for the authentication on the mobile operator’s side
Password: the password, which is linked to the username
Server: the actual IP address in which your phone will connect to
MMSC: This is the configuration used for the Multimedia Messages
MMS proxy: same as the proxy definition above, but used for the Multimedia messages
MMS port: The port used to reach the proxy server
MCC: Mobile Country Code, it’s the unique country code used by all mobile operators on a specific country, which is regulated by international organizations
MNC: This is the Mobile Network Code, it’s the unique code for your mobile provider, every operator in the country will have a different value
Authentication type:  The type of authentication used for the APN
APN type: The type of APN, default or multimedia messages

Once The APN settings are defined, they usually do not change, so phones will automatically detect and apply them when it is connected to the mobile operator’s tower.  Of course, if you switch company or go to a different country, you might need to access and change the APN Settings on your phone.

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